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Dyslipidemia refers to an unhealthy level of lipids in the bloodstream. Lipids are fatty substances, like cholesterol and triglycerides, that are found in the blood and body tissues. They have important functions, such as storing energy and helping to build cell membranes. But when these lipids reach unhealthy levels, a number of negative consequences can result, including the development of coronary artery disease, or CAD. They most common types of dyslipidemia include:

  • High levels of low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, cholesterol
  • Low levels of high-density lipoprotein, or HDL, cholesterol
  • High levels of triglycerides

Having any of these types of dyslipidemia can lead to plaque buildup in the coronary arteries.