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Risk Factors


Lt Col Reynolds
There are five conditions, or risk factors, included in metabolic syndrome. A person who has three of the five risk factors will be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. These risk factors increase the likelihood that a person will eventually develop type 2 diabetes or heart disease or both.

Maj Hemstad
The five metabolic risk factors are:

  • Large waistline
  • High levels of triglycerides
  • Low levels of HDL, or good cholesterol
  • High blood pressure, and
  • High blood glucose levels

All of these risk factors are more common in obese and overweight people, and in people who are over the age of 45.

Lt Col Reynolds
Prediabetes, or high blood glucose, is more common in people with a family history of type 2 diabetes who are physically inactive. Individuals who are African American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander are also at higher risk for prediabetes, as well as women who have had gestational diabetes.