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 Prevention and Treatment Overview


Lt Col Phillips
Treating those who are overweight and obese is primarily about restoring energy balance. Losing excess weight requires an energy deficit; in other words, using more calories than you eat. For people who are obese, it’s generally recommended to set an initial short-term goal of losing five to 10 percent of their total weight over six months. This usually means losing half a pound to two pounds a week for six months. An energy deficit of 500 to 1000 calories a day is needed to achieve this kind of weight loss.

Lt Col Reynolds
Achieving energy deficit and weight loss requires comprehensive lifestyle change, and there are three pillars that support this change: diet, physical activity, and behavior. Even after the extra weight comes off, maintaining energy balance is crucial to keeping weight under control. This means that treating obesity can be a lifelong commitment.

For some people, lifestyle changes may not lead to enough weight loss to improve health. In these cases, healthcare providers may recommend additional treatment, including weight-loss drugs or surgery.