Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause birth defects and disabilities. These conditions, called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, are among the top preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities. The effects of the alcohol can cause problems in how a baby grows, learns, looks, and acts. Alcohol consumed during pregnancy can also cause birth defects of the heart, brain, and other major organs. These problems can last a lifetime.
There is no known amount of alcohol that is safe to drink while you’re pregnant. All drinks with alcohol can hurt an unborn baby. A 12-ounce can of beer has as much alcohol as a five-ounce glass of wine or a one-ounce shot of liquor. Also, there is no safe time to drink during pregnancy.
If you did have a few drinks before you found out that you were pregnant, the safest thing to do from this point on is to avoid alcohol. Consult with your healthcare team if you have concerns.