What might you see? Problems understanding what is read Trouble stating the main idea or main point, or trouble summarizing what was read How can you help? Read with the service member or veteran. Review the reading material, using the 5W strategy — Who, What, Where, When, and Why: Who are the characters? What happened to the characters in the book or story? What did they do about it? Where did it happen? When did it happen? Why did it happen? The five Ws should be related; that is, they should refer to the same characters or portion of the story. The service member or veteran can write out important information or say it out loud; this uses other senses to increase comprehension. Emphasize important information in the text.