If tests confirm the existence of cervical cancer, your provider may request additional tests to learn the extent of the disease and suggest a course of treatment. Those tests may include:
Chest x-rays often can show whether cancer has spread to the lungs.
A CT scan uses an x-ray machine linked to a computer to take a series of detailed pictures of your organs. You may receive contrast material by injection in your arm or hand, by mouth, or by enema. The contrast material makes abnormal areas easier to see.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
An MRI uses a powerful magnet linked to a computer to make detailed pictures of your pelvis and abdomen. The provider can view these pictures on a monitor and print them on film. An MRI can show whether cancer has spread. Sometimes contrast material makes abnormal areas show up more clearly on the picture.
During an ultrasound test, a device is held against the abdomen or inserted into the vagina. The device sends out sound waves that echo off the cervix and nearby tissues. A computer uses the echoes to create a picture. Tumors may produce echoes that are different from the echoes made by healthy tissues. The picture can show whether cancer has spread.